Natura 2000 in Šibenik-Knin County

Natura 2000 Ecological Network

The Natura 2000 Ecological Network is a coherent European ecological network comprising areas with natural habitat types and wild flora and fauna, which are deemed to be of European interest; it enables the conservation or, when necessary, restoration to a favourable conservation status of certain natural habitat types and species across their entire natural range.

Following the establishment of the Ecological Network, two European Union directives were incorporated into the legal system of the Republic of Croatia: the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, which constitute the core of the EU nature protection legislation. These two directives set ambitious high standards of nature protection for all EU member states.

The ecological network of the Republic of Croatia (Natura 2000 network) consists in conservation areas significant for birds, conservation areas significant for species and habitat types, possible conservation areas significant for species and habitat types and special areas of conservation significant for species and habitat types.

The ecological network represents the implementation of EU legislation: Directive on the conservation of wild birds (Council Directive 79/409/EEC; 2009/147/EC) and Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (Council Directive 92/43/EEC). In Croatia the ecological network is regulated by the Nature Protection Act (OG 80/13, 15/18, 14/19, 127/19) and is established by the Regulation on Ecological Network and the Competence of Public Institutions for Management of the Areas of Ecological Network (OG 80/19).

The objective of managing the Natura 2000 Ecological Network areas is to maintain and improve a favourable conservation status for all the habitat types and species they protect across their entire range. Often this can be achieved without imposing major restrictions, through the implementation of conservation measures by people who, in coexistence with nature, share their living space with threatened species and habitats. Most activities and interventions within the Natura areas can be carried out with measures to mitigate possible negative consequences. Sometimes only minor adaptations are needed. Proposals for major development projects or land use changes should be assessed in terms of acceptability for the ecological network. If the assessment process yields evidence that an intervention does not have a significant negative impact, the intervention is allowed within the ecological network area. Natura 2000 supports the principle of sustainable development and its goal is not to halt the overall development activities, but, on the contrary, to set the criteria for them in order to be carried out, while preserving biodiversity.

The basic way of managing the ecological network areas is to develop a management plan in cooperation with local stakeholders. This plan defines necessary measures and activities for the conservation of targeted species and habitat types as well as the ecological integrity of the area.

Management plans are often designed for areas that are already protected by some legal acts pertaining to nature protection, while being managed by the competent public institutions. Smaller areas can be entrusted to the owners or users and often to associations that are willing to implement the necessary measures. When it comes to larger areas, it is possible to combine different mechanisms, while providing systematic coordination.

An overview map of the Natura 2000 Ecological Network areas with significant species and habitats is shown on the cartographic presentation and is available on the pages of the Nature Protection Information System:

In addition to the protected areas, a large portion of the valuable natural heritage of the Šibenik-Knin County is included in the European Ecological Network Natura 2000.

The Public Institution Nature manages nearly sixty Natura 2000 Ecological Network areas in the Šibenik-Knin County. The following are the ecological network areas within the County, managed by the Public Institution Nature of the Šibenik-Knin County:

HR3000473Babuljaši and surrounding reefs
HR2001394Bribišnica – Vrbica
HR1000029Cetina River
HR2000919Čikola – canyon
HR1000028Dinara Mountain
HR5000028Dinara Mountain
HR2001444Drenovača pit
HR2001314Area around the source of the Cetina River with Pag and Vrlika fields
HR3000419J. Molat-Dugi-Kornat-Murter-Pašman-Ugljan-Rivanj-Sestrunj-Molat
HR2001241Golubinka pit
HR3000319Gradina pit
HR3000442Kakan Channel
HR3000438Kosmerka – Prokladnica – Vrtlac – Babuljak – underwater area
HR1000026Krka River and surrounding plateau
HR3000460Morinje Cove
HR1000027Mosor, Kozjak and Trogir hinterland
HR3000445Murter Channel
HR2001344Novkovići – Bosnjakuša
HR2000526Oštrica – Šibenik
HR3000474Islet of Drvenik
HR2001362Island of Žut
HR2001188Cave, Raslina
HR2000020Area around Great Ćulum Cave
HR2001371Area around Dobra voda
HR2001375Area around Golubnjača Cave, Žegar
HR2000132Area around Škarin Samograd Cave
HR1000024Ravni kotari
HR2001361Ravni kotari
HR3000437Sedlo – underwater area
HR2000922Svilaja Mountain
HR2001491Šibensko hinterland – Lozovac
HR3000443Tetovišnjak – underwater area
HR3000171Krka estuary
HR3000088Grebaštica Cove
HR3000086Makirina Cove
HR2000788Makirina 1 Cove
HR3000090Stivančica Cove
HR3000091Tijašnica Cove
HR3000089Coves around Ploča Promontory
HR3000439Tratinska and Balun Coves
HR3000082Great and Small Skala
HR2001363Trogir hinterland
HR3000177Dragon’s Eye Lake
HR3000414Dragon’s Ear
HR3000440Žirje – Kabal